Using a pure CBD tincture might help to lessen anxiety, improve cardiovascular health, reduce pain, and even treat some of the symptoms of cancer. CBD denotes a chemical compound called cannabidiol that is found in Cannabis plants.
Cannabidiol is not a psychoactive compound and therefore does not cause the “high” that is typically associated with cannabis use. Therefore, alcohol and oil-based CBD tinctures are not typically used to cause euphoria.
This article reviews what CBD is, how it works in the body, its health benefits, how to use it, and its safety.
What is Cannabidiol (CBD)?
Cannabis is a botanical genus in the Cannabaceae family. It is comprised of an undetermined number of species, all of which contain CBD.
Cannabidiol is one of more than 100 cannabinoids found in Cannabis. It is gaining widespread notice as a natural treatment for various common health disorders.
CBD tinctures are made by extracting the cannabidiol from hemp plants. Tinctures are typically made by submerging plants in alcohol and then allowing them to soak, releasing the bioactive compounds into the alcohol.
For those who do not want to use alcohol, olive oil, coconut oil, almond oil, or another quality carrier oil can be substituted to make a tincture.
CBD oil tinctures are ideal for children and others who cannot or do not wish to smoke medical cannabis. They are administered with an eye dropper, are very discreet, and can be used anywhere.
Although more research is needed to understand the therapeutic effectiveness and safety of CBD, multiple studies suggest that it may provide a potent and safe treatment for diabetes, anxiety, acne, depression, arthritis, and various other disorders.
CBD vs THC
There is much confusion about the differences between cannabidiol (CBD) and another cannabinoid called delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Of more than one hundred cannabinoids known to occur in Cannabis plants, CBD and THC have been studied the most, and are therefore most understood.
THC is the primary psychoactive cannabinoid in Cannabis. It alters levels of some brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. It particularly affects dopamine levels. Dopamine is known as the “feel-good” brain chemical that allows us to feel sensations of pleasure and reward.
When THC is ingested, smoked, dabbed, or vaped, it crosses the blood-brain barrier and causes the sensation of being “high”. However, CBD is not psychoactive and therefore does not cause mind-altering effects.
This makes CBD a preferred option for those who wish to gain some of the therapeutic benefits of Cannabis without getting high. In fact, some studies suggest that CBD reduces anxiety, paranoia, and sleepiness commonly associated with THC.
There are numerous strains of Cannabis. Some have high levels of THC and low levels of CBD. Others have high CBD levels and low THC levels. Both of these cannabinoid compounds are linked to health benefits.
For instance, THC demonstrates the following properties:
- Anti-inflammatory (reduces redness and swelling)
- Antispasmodic (relieves involuntary muscle spasms)
- Antitremor (work against an unintentional rhythmic motion of one limb)
- Analgesic (relieves pain)
- Antiemetic (prevents nausea)
Comparatively, CBD is known to have anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective (protects nerves), antioxidant (resists and repairs free radical damage), immunomodulatory (regulates immune system activities), antipsychotic (works against psychosis), and anticonvulsant (reduces the severity of epileptic fits or other convulsions) properties.
Pure CBD oil tinctures are valuable to the medical community largely because they do not cause the psychoactive side effects associated with medical marijuana, which means they are safe for children to use.
Marijuana CBD Oil vs Hemp CBD Oil
It is important to understand the differences between marijuana and hemp. There is a lot of misinformation online that contributes to widespread confusion between the two.
Hemp and marijuana are both plants from the Cannabis genus. Hemp is Cannabis that is primarily cultivated for use in textiles, biofuels, paper, plastic composites, clothing, and healthcare products. Marijuana typically refers to Cannabis that is used as medicine, or as a recreational drug that induces euphoria.
By definition, hemp contains very little THC whereas marijuana contains much higher amounts. In the UK, hemp is defined as Cannabis that contains 0.2% or less THC. In the United States, hemp must contain no more than 0.3%.
Therefore, in the UK, if a Cannabis plant has more than 0.2% THC content, it is called marijuana and is illegal. If it contains less than or equal to 0.2% THC, then is considered hemp and is legal.
It follows that hemp-based CBD tinctures contain very little or no THC and concentrated amounts of cannabidiol, while marijuana tinctures contain significant amounts of both CBD and THC. That is the reason that you will find hemp oil CBD tinctures available online, but not marijuana tinctures.
Is CBD Legal?
The legal status of CBD differs by country. Further, the laws that regulate marijuana and hemp are in constant flux in many countries. It can be very difficult to stay abreast of current changes. If you have any questions about the current legal status of CBD oil tinctures where you are, then it is best to contact the proper authorities for clarification.
In the United Kingdom, hemp CBD oil is completely legal as long as it contains less than or equal to 0.2% THC. That is only ⅕ of one percent.
Be sure to look for products that are made from the stalks, leaves, and stems of the hemp plant, but not the seeds. While hemp seed oil is an excellent source of nutrition, it contains very little CBD and is not preferred for tincture making.
Research on Cannabidiol
Research on CBD continues to increase, especially over the past 5 years. Researchers are particularly interested in its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects.
Routine use of a pure CBD oil or alcohol tincture might help to improve various health disorders including:
- Neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
- Cerebral ischemia (insufficient blood flow to the brain)
- Inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- Metabolic disorders including diabetes mellitus (“sugar” diabetes)
- Gastrointestinal disorders like nausea and stomach upset
Because research on CBD is a relatively new field, much more study is needed to fully understand how CBD works in the body, its possible health benefits, and its long-term safety.
CBD Tincture Uses
People are using CBD oil tinctures more and more because they are legal, convenient, very portable, and easy to administer.
They are typically packaged in small bottles with eye droppers included. The most common way to use them is to simply place the recommended number of drops under your tongue. This is called sublingual dosing.
Sublingual (under the tongue) administration of certain bioactive compounds increases their bioavailability and absorption into the bloodstream. A CBD tincture can deliver speedy and potent medicinal effects when taken in this manner.
Vaping CBD oil or dabbing CBD isolate powder can also deliver fast effects, but these acts are disallowed in many work and public places.
Alcohol and oil-based CBD tinctures are also preferred by people who cannot smoke marijuana for legal or other reasons.
There are no psychoactive effects associated with CBD tinctures, and you will not get a euphoric high when using one. Instead, this natural remedy is widely used to treat pain, anxiety, poor sleep patterns, and various other complaints.
CBD Tincture Benefits
Although more research is needed to understand the full scope of its effects, there are some benefits that have already been linked to cannabidiol in scientific studies. These include:
- May reduce pain associated with RA, multiple sclerosis (MS), and cancer
- Reduces anxiety and depression in animal and human studies
- Helps improve symptoms related to cancer and cancer treatment
- May have anticancer properties
- May improve acne by decreasing sebum production in sebaceous glands
- Treats some symptoms of Parkinson's disease and epilepsy
- Slows progression of Alzheimer's disease in cell and animal studies
- May reduce blood pressure and protect cardiovascular health
Some CBD tincture user reviews assert that this cannabinoid helps improve some symptoms of cancer, certain mental disorders, acne, arthritis, and type 2 diabetes.
Again, it will require more research in double-blind, placebo-controlled human trials to fully understand the efficacies and safety of cannabidiol or products made with it.
Pure CBD Tincture: How To Use
What is the best CBD tincture dosage? Unless otherwise instructed by your doctor, always follow dosing directions on the label of a CBD tincture you may purchase.
Even small doses can yield potent effects. Many people find that holding a single drop under the tongue for 60-90 seconds provides ample relief for pain, anxiety, or depression.
CBD tinctures come in various strengths. Some provide only 5 mg of cannabidiol per serving while others provide 60 mg per. Read product labels carefully to understand the potency of a cannabidiol tincture you are considering.
Many people begin feeling the effects of CBD between 5-30 minutes after sublingual dosing. However, there are various factors that affect the onset time, including age, gender, body weight, dosage, body composition, diet, metabolic rate, hydration, and more.
It is commonly advised to begin using any new natural medicine at smaller-than-recommended doses. This allows you to judge the effects it has on your body while minimizing the risks of negative side effects. If needed, you can increase your dosage gradually until you notice effects.
There seems to be a loading period necessary for CBD tinctures. Some users require several weeks to start recognizing the effects.
CBD Tincture Safety, Side Effects, and Interactions
To avoid contamination from pesticides and other toxins, shop for CBD oil tinctures that are sourced from organic, non-GM hemp and carrier oils.
CBD tinctures are typically well-tolerated in most users. However, adverse side effects can result. The most common of these are anxiety, depression, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and dizziness. Drowsiness, appetite changes, dry mouth, and psychosis are also possible.
A CBD oil tincture can cause negative interactions with some medications, herbs, supplements, health conditions, and lab tests. It is recommended to discuss beginning to use a CBD tincture with a doctor who understands your health history.